Tor Usage goes UP PirateBay, Iran-Syria and Google-play Orbot

USCyberLabs Stats of the Tor Network Aug-27

USCyberLabs Stats of the Tor Network


Sudden rise in direct Tor users

On Tuesday 27th, Roger Dingledine drew attention to the huge increase of Tor clients running [14]. It seems that their number has doubled since August 19th according to the count of directly connecting users [15]. According to Roger this is not just a fluke in the metrics data. The extra load on the directory authorities is clearly visible [16], but it does not look that the overall network performance are affected so far [17]. The cause is still unknown, but there are already speculations about the Pirate Browser [18] or the new “anti-piracy” law in Russia which is in force since August, 1st [19]. As Roger pointed out, ?some good solid facts would sure be useful.?

[14] https://lists.torproject.org/pipermail/tor-talk/2013-August/029582.html

[15] https://metrics.torproject.org/users.html?graph=direct-users&start=2013-05-29&end=2013-08-27&country=all&events=off#direct-users

[16] https://metrics.torproject.org/network.html#dirbytes

[17] https://metrics.torproject.org/performance.html

[18] https://lists.torproject.org/pipermail/tor-talk/2013-August/029584.html

[19] https://lists.torproject.org/pipermail/tor-talk/2013-August/029583.html

Ever since the the NSA Prism program came out something else is going on in Tor. People want privacy and they will use anything they can to get it. Tor is one solution that a lot of people know about but there are other factors about the increase.

Piratebay.sx and it’s users are doing a lot more stuff with the new browser - There has not been a sustained increase in search traffic for the Pirate Browser on Google. Tor and “Tor browser” haven’t shown a spike in search, either. Could it be from users in Syria?  Also note that the Google Play Store has been unblocked in Iran, allowing distribution of Orbot/Orweb in that country to phones with the Play Store app installed (partial bootstrapping problem).

Syria had a spike from 1000 to 4000 but that’s a tiny fraction of the recent increase. Iran doubled from 4000 to 8000 which is also only a part of the increase. Is there a page listing each graph by country or overlapping them all?

The Tor Project also pushed out Orbot v12 to Google Play in the last few weeks – 2 separate updates. That would not account for all of the increase, but it could have prodded enough existing users who had not used Orbot in awhile to start the app up again. We have also seen about 75,000 new installs over the last 3 months.

So we have a lot of factors as the Tor network grows larger everyday- gATo oUt



Tor Network Consensus Document

gAtO lOOkInG - at the Tor-network intelligence, how does it do what it does. Tor takes volunteers Onion-relays and organizes them into different categories they are called “flags” -

—  known-flags Authority BadExit Exit Fast Guard HSDir Named Running Stable Unnamed V2Dir Valid  —

Of course there are only now 10 authority flags-servers own and controlled by some of the top people in the Tor-project community. These 10 Authority-relays control all the intelligence that Tor need to run and keep everything working automatic. Every few hours these relays gather the OR-relays and depending on how long they have been turned on, how much bandwidth they have what version of Tor-software and OS they have and put this together into one document then it does a calculation and assigns flags to the 3,500 or so volunteer OR-relays throughout the world. After it’s all said and done they produce a “Consensus Document and sends this information to every HSDir -OR-relay so that clients can find hidden service websites in Tor. The HSDIR relays have all the DNS information to find Tor-hidden service -websites…//

consensus document – May-2013


network-status-version 3

vote-status consensus

consensus-method 17

valid-after 2013-05-17 12:00:00

fresh-until 2013-05-17 13:00:00

valid-until 2013-05-17 15:00:00

voting-delay 300 300



known-flags Authority BadExit Exit Fast Guard HSDir Named Running Stable Unnamed V2Dir Valid

params CircuitPriorityHalflifeMsec=30000 UseOptimisticData=1 bwauthpid=1 pb_disablepct=0


dir-source tor26 14C131DFC5C6F93646BE72FA1401C02A8DF2E8B4 80 443

contact Peter Palfrader

vote-digest C9B36D4CE1E4E25D313DBCB9CAB01BD6402136BB

dir-source turtles 27B6B5996C426270A5C95488AA5BCEB6BCC86956 9030 9090

contact Mike Perry <mikeperryTAfsckedTODorg>

vote-digest 2974C1E86CE7D44B2A1B304DDED4D6965C519F6C

dir-source maatuska 49015F787433103580E3B66A1707A00E60F2D15B 443 80

contact 4096R/23291265 Linus Nordberg <linus@nordberg.se>

vote-digest 4C9F8F31152829E776531350A3D0A3AB4F601FBF

dir-source dannenberg 585769C78764D58426B8B52B6651A5A71137189A dannenberg.ccc.de 80 443

contact Andreas Lehner <anonymizer@ccc.de>

vote-digest E326C020E9462BA105EC190DFBE4EA8FADA3A138

dir-source urras 80550987E1D626E3EBA5E5E75A458DE0626D088C 443 80

contact 4096R/4193A197 Jacob Appelbaum <jacob@appelbaum.net>

vote-digest 9D6CB9D0890C4BF18D12BBB4F26F5BC762B081C3

dir-source moria1 D586D18309DED4CD6D57C18FDB97EFA96D330566 9131 9101

contact 1024D/28988BF5 arma mit edu

vote-digest 21FCEA71FE6597E39E586721F7DA65C3A74A4EA1

dir-source dizum E8A9C45EDE6D711294FADF8E7951F4DE6CA56B58 80 443

contact 1024R/8D56913D Alex de Joode <adejoode@sabotage.org>

vote-digest 0787DE217B45ED8895701D679F02E755A257AF4F

dir-source gabelmoo ED03BB616EB2F60BEC80151114BB25CEF515B226 80 443

contact 4096R/C5AA446D Sebastian Hahn <tor@sebastianhahn.net>

vote-digest EEECD55223C97CACF7655D897782B61B64C1CF03

dir-source Faravahar EFCBE720AB3A82B99F9E953CD5BF50F7EEFC7B97 80 443

contact 0x0B47D56D SiNA Rabbani (inf0) <sina redteam io>

vote-digest EE92CA0F3820E3BAFC22C41DFD107D4F4B34E542

r ididnteditheconfig6 AB+dZViiymIEpTtbx+9cX5Y32i0 sjraCwjE8lzInizQ0UPqTI1AHkE 2013-05-17 10:29:13 9001 9030

s Exit Fast Running V2Dir Valid

v Tor

w Bandwidth=14

p accept 20-23,43,53,79-81,88,110,143,194,220,389,443,464,531,543-544,554,563,636,706,749,873,902-904,981,989-995,1194,1220,1293,1500,1533,1677,1723,1755,1863,2082-2083,2086-2087,2095-2096,2102-2104,3128,3389,3690,4321,4643,5050,5190,5222-5223,5228,5900,6660-6669,6679,6697,8000,8008,8074,8080,8087-8088,8332-8333,8443,8888,9418,9999-10000,11371,19294,19638

r MukiMukiAmaguri ADwuo9jHaHhVHIjp8/rSBaoXkj8 qZ48RT3ftleevrpO/kNy1qeBAS0 2013-05-16 18:16:19 9001 9030

s Fast HSDir Running Stable Unnamed V2Dir Valid

v Tor

w Bandwidth=38

p reject 1-65535


r= Version of Tor- -OS -timestamp -IP address

s= Flags of the Onion-relay

w= bandwidth that the relays has

p= Exit relay information

The 10 servers on top of the documents are the Tor- Authority the servers that have all the real power in Tor controlled by – SiNA Rabbani (inf0) <sina redteam io> – Sebastian Hahn <tor@sebastianhahn.net> – Alex de Joode <adejoode@sabotage.org> – arma mit edu – Andreas Lehner <anonymizer@ccc.de> – Linus Nordberg <linus@nordberg.se> -  Mike Perry <mikeperryTAfsckedTODorg> – Jacob Appelbaum – Peter Palfrader <jacob@appelbaum.net> -

These are the real master of the Tor network nah… just joking it’s in the code- gAtO oUt


There is a small set (say, around 5-10) of semi-trusted directory authorities.  A default list of authorities is shipped with the Tor software.  Users can change this list, but are encouraged not to do so, in order to avoid partitioning attacks.

Every authority has a very-secret, long-term “Authority Identity Key”. This is stored encrypted and/or offline, and is used to sign “key certificate” documents.  Every key certificate contains a medium-term (3-12 months) “authority signing key”, that is used by the authority to sign other directory information.  (Note that the authority identity key is distinct from the router identity key that the authority uses in its role as an ordinary router.)

Routers periodically upload signed “routers descriptors” to the directory authorities describing their keys, capabilities, and other information.  Routers may also upload signed “extra info documents” containing information that is not required for the Tor protocol. Directory authorities serve router descriptors indexed by router identity, or by hash of the descriptor.

Routers may act as directory caches to reduce load on the directory authorities.  They announce this in their descriptors.

Periodically, each directory authority generates a view of the current descriptors and status for known routers.  They send a signed summary of this view (a “status vote”) to the other authorities.  The authorities compute the result of this vote, and sign a “consensus status” document containing the result of the vote.

Directory caches download, cache, and re-serve consensus documents.

Clients, directory caches, and directory authorities all use consensus

documents to find out when their list of routers is out-of-date.

(Directory authorities also use vote statuses.) If it is, they download

any missing router descriptors.  Clients download missing descriptors

from caches; caches and authorities download from authorities.

Descriptors are downloaded by the hash of the descriptor, not by the

relay’s identity key: this prevents directory servers from attacking

clients by giving them descriptors nobody else uses.


All directory information is uploaded and downloaded with HTTP.

[Authorities also generate and caches also cache documents produced and

used by earlier versions of this protocol; see dir-spec-v1.txt and

dir-spec-v2.txt for notes on those versions.]


Tor is NOT the ONLY Anonymous Network

gAtO fOuNd – this very interesting and wanted to share -

Tor does some things good, but other anonymous networks do other things better. Only when used together do they work best. And of course you want to already know how to use them should something happen to Tor and you are forced to move to another network.fin_07

Try them! You may even find something interesting you cannot find on Tor!

Anonymous networks

These are well known and widely deployed anonymous networks that offer strong anonymity and high security. They are all open source, in active development, have been online for many years and resisted attack attempts. They run on multiple operating systems and are safe to use with default settings. All are well regarded.

  • Tor – Fast anonymous internet access, hidden websites, most well known.
  • I2P – Hidden websites, anonymous bittorrent, mail, out-proxy to internet, other services.
  • Freenet – Static website hosting, distributed file storage for large files, decentralized forums.

Less well known

Also anonymous networks, but less used and possibly more limited in functionality.

  • GnuNet – Anonymous distributed file storage.
  • OneSwarm – Bittorrent, has a non-anonymous mode, requires friends for anonymity.
  • RetroShare – File-sharing, chat, forums, mail. Requires friends, and not anonymous to those friends, only the rest of the network.
  • Omemo – Distributed social storage platform. Uncertain to what extent it is anonymous.

Non-free networks

These are anonymous networks, but are not open source. Therefore their security and anonymity properties is hard to impossible to verify, and though the applications are legit, they may have serious weaknesses. Do not rely on them for strong anonymity.

  • Osiris – Serverless portal system, does not claim to provide any real anonymity.

In development

  • Phantom – Hidden Services, native IPv6 transport.
  • GlobaLeaks – Open Source Whistleblowing Framework.
  • FreedomBox – Project to create personal servers for distributed social networking, email and audio/video communications.
  • Telex – A new way to circumvent Internet censorship.
  • Project Byzantium – Bootable live distribution of Linux to set up wireless mesh nodes with commonly available hardware.
  • Hyperboria A distributed meshnet built on cjdns.

Routing Platforms

These are internets overlaid on the internet. They provide security via encryption, but only provides weak to none anonymity on their own. Only standard tools such as OpenVPN and Quagga are required to connect. Responsibility for a sufficiently anonymous setup is placed on the user and their advertised routes. More suited for private groups as things out in the open can be firewalled by other participants. Can be layered above or below other anonymity nets for more security and fun.

  • Anonet – AnoNet2, a more open replacement for AnoNet1.
  • dn42 – Another highly technical routing community.
  • CJDNS, an IPV6 overlay network that provides end to end encryption. It is not anonymous by itself.

Alternative Internet

  • Netsukuku – A project that aims to build a global P2P online network completely independent from the Internet by using Wi-Fi. The software is still in active development, although the site is no longer updated. A new site is in progress of being built.
  • Many other wireless communities building mesh networks as an alternative to the Internet, e.g. Freifunk, http://guifi.net and many more around the globe. see also

Alternative domain name systems

  • Namecoin – Cryptocurrency with the added ability to support a decentralised domain name system currently as a .bit.
  • OpenNIC – A user controlled Network Information Center offering a democratic, non-national, alternative to the traditional Top-Level Domain registries.
  • Dot-P2P – Another decentralized DNS service without centralized registry operators (at July 18, 2012 page is not accessible and has not known anything about the status of project from February 2011).

See Also


Finding the Bad Guy’s in Tor -triangulated irregular network

gAtO ThInKiNg - a car GPS works very simple, It takes the delay time from one geo-positioned satellite and compares is to another geo-positional satellite and estimates the position of the GPS in my CAR – I think they call it satellite triangulation or something cool, it’s been done with radios to guide pilots navigate ever since they developed radios. We do it with satellite and we can use networks too.

triangulated irregular network  -So now apply this to the Tor bad guy’s websites- a hidden service!math_clouadTag

With a simple command you can get the time it takes to crawl a website, so you have one server in the U.S one is South America, one in Europe and one in Asia and we run the same command getting the delays from each location. I bet with a little math and some basic network tools we could figure out the geo-location of any given website in Tor. One of my good mentors told me that in my crawls I was capturing timing information, we all see timing information with a simple ping command in the clear web but in Tor – UDP is unsupported so it does not work -//- we must take into account the Tor network thru-put and utilization bit that’s easy to get from a number of Tor tools.

Reverse triangulation of a network server should be easy to find with a little math, just take a good sample and the longer you wait the more data you collect and the better the chance you can find a geo-location of a website. We do this in the clear web all the time we can see bad areas of the world that are bad spammers, and other like mail from Africa Prince Scams offering you millions if you send them some money to cover the transfer, or Russian and Chinese phishing attacks. So we know geo-location and some IP are more prime to bad actors and we can draw a profile, a geo-location of a place and/or  country or an ISP so not having the IP of a Tor server may not be neededto find them we could use network triangulation. “triangulated irregular network  ” So the same thing can be done with networks and timing delays of data back and forth from a // client <–> Tor OR <–>server.

I got a crazy Idea that may or may-not work, but it sounds good—//  so— Now if I can only find a government grant and a good math major to help out and we have a big business model to find the bad guy’s geo-location even in Tor - gAtO oUt…


Currency of the Cyber Economy

gAtO tHiNk- the bad evil hackers are the least of your worries, the real bad guys are the corporate geeks that want every click, every nuance of your digital life and they tell you it’s to give you a better web experience. WoW I didn’t know that selling all my information as I go from site to site is a good thing for me. How about if I’m sick and search for my medical problems will my insurance company want that information to raise my payments. You betcha they do!!!

I’m doing some Tor work now so I’m away from the hump and grind but I been changing my search engines because like google they know what I look for and they give me the same crap and then I switch to yahoo and soon the have me profiled then Bing, whoa!!! what a mistake but I expected very little from them anyway. They were robbing us blind back before Netscape days.

Think about those high tech security geeks they get paid big bucks to guard the hen house and you hear about a new hack every other day why because if you understand the “book” the same one every security geek get’s all those certification all teach the same old done thing and that’s their job to take the masses and control them but the ones that think for themselves are the true pioneers, the ones that dance to a different drum. Look I don’t have any certifications anymore and I know more today about the Tor network than most people around. That’s what interest me and that’s what I like.

The currency of information economy is going swell and the big corporate boys are all for selling everything you do so use Tor and be safe and have a little privacy. Be different and use the tools that work for you and keep your digital breadcrumbs to yourself. I know your not doing anything wrong and you don’t have to prove it to anybody. People say if I use Tor then people will think that I’m a bad guy. Oh Me, Oh My do you really care about other’s control of you. It’s a propaganda war just to keep you afraid of Tor because with it they cannot sell your data. Don’t sell your click for free make them earn them -gATO OuT


Offensive Cyber Capabilities

Companies Need Offensive Cyber Capabilities

gAtO hEaR - about banks seek U.S Help on Iran Cyberattack’s. We hear about cyber attacks in the financial sector, the oil and energy sectors, then Leon Panetta warned perpetrators to cease hacking the US while we have all kinds of sanctions against Iran -/ this is insanity. Your telling unknown hackers (we suspected Iran) to  just stop, or what. What can we do to prevent them from launching cyber attacks against America.

So Iran has only 3 NAT-access points and 1 submarine cable (Al-Faw, Iraq submarine cable)


Then you have all these security people putting up defenses without building a firewall so bad-ass that they cannot do business. If we keep building these defenses it will get to a point where it defeats the purpose of the Internet. So what is the logical next move, offensive cyber weapons and capabilities. We can find these attacks and pinpoint the IP of where they are coming from then all we need is offensive tools to find them and do a seal-team 6 extraction of something like that and get the word out that we will find you and hunt you down.

One little hacker can keep a bank tied up for days in the middle of the desert. They could go after our traffic system, our rail system we know that SCADA is so messed up and in some cases open with defaults passwords. So we beat our chest like some mad gorilla and hope to scare these hackers.

My friends we must take initiative and find ways to counter these attacks no more just defense and I don’t mean a Ddos attack that can be circumvented. We need to plant Bot-nets on these people’s machines and monitor them and if we have to go physical and bring them to justice. Forget about Iran and let’s just talk about Chinese hacker attacks of our intellectual property. They just denied it and go about planning the next attack. We seen Skynet were thousands of computers were given a disk wipe and the blue screen of death. Why don’t we do the same to these hackers going after our infrastructure.

We must change our tactics and be a little more aggressive and become real cyber warriors not just defenders but attacking them and destroying their machines, their servers and routers. How about we just monitor the 1 submarine cable and 3 access points in Iran that should lead us to some of these people. The US monitors our own people then we stand by and allow other hostile countries to go and hack us. This is cyber insanity - gAtO OuT



Government Spying on everyone -Thanks Microsoft

gAtO lEaRnOn 01-01-213 we hear that Microsoft buys Skype and makes changes to allow Police surveillance. Then on 01-07-2013 we hear that a professor at the Warsaw University of Technology, Wojciech Mazurczyk, found a way to insert secret 70 bits of data and add secret information similar to steganography.spy-spy

Lawful Intercept is what it’s called and we just heard punch – counter-punch from the government. I just posted about corporations and governments using offensive cyber weapons to fight crime, but this looks like just plain old spying on citizens like China, Iraq and Syria does. Skype is owned by Microsoft and we know that Word and other products have back doors for them to snoop and governments to use in criminal cases. I guess they do it the proper way and get a real FISA document to monitor us it’s citizens.

mEoW 12-30-2012 our re-elected President Obama signs FISA Warrantless Wiretapping Program. STOP – SAY WHAT. mEoW – Forget about gun control how about the privacy of citizens, are we becoming like China, Iraq and Syria the more I find out about this the crazier it becomes. I hate Skypes but now finding this out NO WAY DUDE-

I did a little digging and I found a document from the Straford hack from the LutzBoat crew and this has been on the play board for a long time. More and more governments that play nice with the America and Microsoft will have to live with the fact that they are spying on us, the people. I voted for Obama but I’m pretty sure any president would want to be able to justify this abuse of power to monitor it’s citizens, what get’s me is we scream and yell when other countries do it but here we are doing to ourselves and nobody is talking about this- Hay press wake up. I have nothing to hide but if you do you have been warned – enjoy your government spying on you behind your back - gAtO oUt

Lab Notes:

IT security continues to be the greatest challenge facing government CIOs worldwide. Most experts agree that governments require stronger partnerships between the public and private sectors for both better protection of government IT systems from intruders and for greater visibility into operators’ network traffic to fight crime. However, government systems and intelligence activities constitute a very sensitive information environment. Governments must proceed with caution when forming technology partnerships for hardening their IT network security. Melissa E. Hathaway, who in February 2009 was named to be the Obama Administration’s top cyber security official, points out how

Lawful Intercept


Criminals, predators and hackers now use chats, blogs, webmail and Internet applications such as online gaming and file-sharing sites to hide their communications.


Qosmos provides law enforcement agencies with a powerful solution to identify a target using multiple virtual IDs and intercept all related IP- based communications. Any trigger, such as a “user login = target” initiates intercept of all IP traffic related to the “target.”

Example of recognized applications and protocols

VoIP Email (POP, SMTP)

Webmail (Gmail, Hotmail, Live Mail, SquirrelMail, Yahoo mail, etc.)

Instant Messaging (Aim, SNM, Skype, Yahoo, Google Talk, QQ, Maktoob, Paltalk, etc.)

Online games (World of Warcraft)

Online classified ads

Audio/Video (H.323, SIP, MGCP, RTP, RTCP, MMSE, RTSP, SHOUTcast, Yahoo Video,

MSN Video, SCCP, etc.)

Web applications (Dailymotion, Google, eBay, Google Earth, HTTP, MySpace, Wikipedia,

YouTube, etc.)

Example of information extracted

Caller, phone number, called party, duration of call

Webmail login, email address, sender, receiver, subject matter, attached documents

Instant messaging sender, receiver, contact lists and status

Forum login, IP address, MAC address, mobile ID (IMSI, IMEI)

Protocols identified even for unidirectional traffic (e.g. email by satellite).





Green Fleets Briefing: Chrysler Biofuel Deal, EV Cyber Attacks, States Eye Fuel Rules · Environmental Management & Energy News · Environmental Leader

Chrysler and ZeaChem Inc. have entered into a memorandum of understanding aimed at accelerating the development and market adoption of advanced cellulosic ethanol. Through the alliance the companies say they hope to establish cellulosic ethanol as a cost-effective green transportation alternative and move away from what they term the “food for fuel debate”.

A group of 11 U.S. Northeast and mid-Atlantic states are considering an agreement that could cut the carbon intensity of fuels used in transportation by up to 15 percent over the next 10 to 15 years, the New York Times reports. The Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management is set to release a plan as early as the end of this month that could be similar to one already in place in California.

via Green Fleets Briefing: Chrysler Biofuel Deal, EV Cyber Attacks, States Eye Fuel Rules · Environmental Management & Energy News · Environmental Leader.